Does Philosophy Reveal Truth?

After learning about Socrates and philosophy, Plato, Socrates and other philosophers devoted their life to finding the truth and discovering our world. After reading the Republic, it seems that the ideal city- how it’s supposed to run, how everyone is supposed to stay in their place and how everyone is then good if they will only be their one thing for the rest of their life and how this then creates justice- is the truth that Socrates has found through his study and life as a philosopher. But I think that if you have found the truth, it should be undisputable, it should be a fact of life and become unchallengeable. But Socrates’ “truth” was and still is very arguable and disputable. I don’t think the ideal city is the truth because Aristophanes, among others, was able to write a play criticizing Socrates and Socratic thinking. If his type of thinking can be so criticized and debated, what differentiates philosophy from regular political debate? If the ideal city is not truth because it can be argued against or tweaked, then it is just another idea for governing similar to democracy, socialism, or communism, except Socrates would have much, much more control over his citizens than any of the other political theories and seems to be the most extreme of all of them with the least amount of freedom. If you are able to agree or disagree with the ideal city and the way its run, then you automatically make it just a concept of justice of Socrates, which ultimately just fulfills Thrasymachus’ definition of justice as ‘whatever is in the interest of the larger party’. While I understand Socratic thinking, and I see how the ideal city can create justice, but I don’t think there should be such control over people and do not see that much control as just. If I can come up with this thinking, than the ideal city must not be the truth. A truth, to my perception, is finding that the sun illuminates the earth during the day. No one can adequately disagree with that statement because it is true. There is no other alternative or explanation as to what illuminates the earth during the day. But when it comes to justice and the debate over the definition of justice, everybody’s definition can be debated as the definition, which makes them all untrue. The definition that is closest to truth is Thrasymachus’ definition because it seems to be the least debatable of all of the definitions given. If Socrates never reached his goal of finding the truth or if none of the other philosophers reached their goal as well, and given that there are still flaws in Socratic thinking, what was the point of Socrates dying to uphold his ideas and why do we still study them?

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One Response to Does Philosophy Reveal Truth?

  1. slee192 says:

    I feel that truth is a more opinionative topic. Sure they may be people who have similar beliefs as you do, but I don’t think anybody would have the exact same beliefs of what the ‘truth’ actually is. Take religion for example. A terrorist religious group would definitely not have the same opinions as everyone else. Most likely everyone else may believe that what they do is completely insane, but for them, they might believe that this is what they are meant to do and how they are meant to live. If people were to have exactly same beliefs in a city, it sounds more like a tyrant who doesn’t allow people to make their own opinions of how to live life is ruling them. Our system here in the U.S. is exactly like what you mentioned about politics. This is why people hate certain laws and why people love certain laws. It’s all opinionated.

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